The National Hurricane Center is monitoring two systems Saturday afternoon, including Hurricane Ingrid, expected to make landfall in Mexico, and former hurricane Humberto, which is expected to regain hurricane strength by Thursday while remaining in the open waters of the Atlantic Ocean.
It was Sept. 11 before the first hurricane of the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season formed. Now, three days later a second formed about 195 miles east of Tuxpan Mexico.
Ingrid was a Category 1 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 75 mph with higher gusts at 5 p.m. Sept. 14. It was moving north at 7 mph and expected the reach the coast of Mexico by Monday. According to the National Hurricane Centerís intensity forecast, maximum winds could reach 85 mph before landfall.
The first hurricane of the season, Humberto, had become a post-tropical cyclone as of Saturday afternoon. It is forecast to regenerate back into a tropical storm by Monday and a hurricane by Thursday morning; however, tracking maps keep the storm over the open water of the Atlantic.
According to records, 2013 is the first year since 2002 that no hurricane formed through the month of August. Records show that on average at least one hurricane forms in a season by Aug. 10.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationís climate experts have predicted that as many as six to nine hurricanes could form during the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season. As of Sept. 13, nine named storms have formed. NOAAís forecast calls for 13 to 19.
Andrea was the seasonís first tropical storm. It formed June 5 in the east-central Gulf of Mexico. Andrea had winds of about 65 mph when it made landfall in Dixie County about 10 miles south of Steinhatchee about 5:40 p.m. June 7. Andrea brought wind and rain to Pinellas County, causing minor damage to the beaches. Rain bands from the storm spawned a tornado that touched down in Gulfport the morning of June 6.
Tropical Storm Barry started as a tropical depression on Monday, June 17, as it approached the coast of Belize on the northeastern coast of Central America. It strengthened into a tropical storm June 19 in the southern Gulf of Mexico and made landfall along the coast of Mexico June 20.
The third tropical storm was short-lived. Chantal formed July 7 over the central tropical Atlantic Ocean and degenerated into a tropical wave July 10.
Dorian was the fourth tropical storm of 2013. It formed the morning of July 24 in the eastern tropical Atlantic Ocean. It was downgraded to a tropical depression July 27.
Erin brought the count to five. It started as a depression on Aug. 15 and strengthened into a tropical storm the same day. Erin was downgraded back to a depression on Aug. 16, strengthened into a storm again on Aug. 17 before wind speeds decreased and Erinís status returned to a depression.
Tropical Storm Fernand began as tropical depression six on Aug. 25 in the southwest Gulf of Mexico and strengthened into a named storm that same day. It made landfall Aug. 26 along the coast of Mexico.
Gabrielle was another short-lived storm, forming Sept. 5 and dissipating the next day. However, the storm regenerated Sept. 10, taking aim at Bermuda. The storm was downgraded to a depression on Sept. 13.
Humberto was the first hurricane of the season and remains active over the eastern Atlantic Ocean. It began as depression number nine Sept. 8 and was upgraded to a tropical storm on Sept. 9. It reached hurricane status by Sept. 11. It was downgraded back to a tropical storm on Sept. 13 and became a post-tropical storm by Sept. 14. The latest forecast calls for it to strengthen back into a tropical storm by Monday and a hurricane by Thursday.
The second hurricane of the season, Ingrid, began as tropical Depression 10 Sept. 12, strengthening into a tropical storm by Sept. 13 and a hurricane on Sept. 14.
The peak months of the Atlantic basin hurricane season are August through October, and about 55 percent of tropical storms and hurricanes form during the months of September and October.